Associate Professor Zbigniew Borowski

phone no.:
+48 22 7150 409
Forest Research Institute
organizational unit:
Department of Forest Ecology
3, Braci Leśnej Str.
Sękocin Stary
05-090 Raszyn
Building „F"
Room 4

This employee provides expert services at FRI See expert's homepage


2001–2002 - Norway, Oslo University, Tromsø University, North Atlantic Treaty Organization postdoctoral fellowship "The influence of predation risk on habitat selection, dispersal and root vole population dynamics".


Education and degrees

    • M.Sc. 1993. Department of Zoology, Forest Faculty, Warsaw Agricultural University. Thesis title: Space use in the Mazurian population of the root vole (Microtus oeconomus Pallas, 1776) - Poland.

    • Ph.D. 1999. Department of Wildlife Management, Forest Research Institute. Thesis title: Influence of predator odours on the space use of root vole (Microtus oeconomus) in Biebrza population, Poland.

    • 2012 Habilitation in Biology. Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań. Thesis title: The impact of predation on small rodent population dynamics as exemplified by the root vole (Microtus oeconomus).

Scientific interests

    • Ecology of small mammals.

    • Behavioural and evolutionary ecology.

    • Population ecology.

    • Predator prey relationships.

    • Forest ecology.

Selected scientific publications

Scientific papers and review


Borowski Z., Bartoń K., Gil W., Wójcicki A. and Pawlak B. (2020). Factors affecting deer pressure on forest regeneration: the roles of forest roads, visibility and forage availability. Pest Manag Sci. Accepted Author Manuscript.
Iwińska K., Boratyński J. S., Trivedi A. and Borowski Z. 2020. Daily roost utilization by edible dormouse in a managed pine-dominated forest. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 468, 118172, ISSN 0378-1127,
Pesendorfer M. B., Bogdziewicz M., Szymkowiak J., Borowski Z., Kantorowicz W., Espelta J. M., Fernández‐Martínez M. 2020. Investigating the relationship between climate, stand age, and temporal trends in masting behavior of European forest trees. Glob Change Biol. 00:1-14.
Žemaitis P., Gil W. and Borowski Z. 2019. Importance of stand structure and neighborhood in European beech regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management. Vol. 448: 57-66.
Olchowik J., Hilszczańska D., Bzdyk R. M., Studnicki M., Malewski T. and Borowski Z. 2019. Effect of Deadwood on Ectomycorrhizal Colonisation of Old-Growth Oak Forests. Forests 2019, 10(6), 480;
Borowski Z., Zub K. and Jacob J. 2019.  Applied research for optimized vertebrate management: 11th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference. Pest. Manag. Sci., 75: 885-886.

Mathisen, K.M,  Wójcicki, A., Borowski  Z. 2018. Effects of forest roads on oak trees via cervid habitat use and browsing. Forest Ecology and Management Volume 424 (378-386).

Borowski Z., Bałazy R., Ciesielski M., Korzeniewski K. 2018. Does winter supplementary feeding affect deer damage in a forest ecosystem? A field test in areas with different levels of deer pressure. Pest Management Science Jun 28. doi: 10.1002/ps.5131.
Bogdziewicz M., Szymkowiak J., Kasprzyk I., Grewling Ł., Borowski Z., Borycka K., Kantorowicz W., Myszkowska D., Piotrowicz K., Ziemianin M. and Pesendorfer M. B. 2017. Masting in wind-pollinated trees: system-specific roles of weather and pollination dynamics in driving seed production. Ecology. doi:10.1002/ecy.1951.

Matosiuk M., Borkowska A., Świsłocka M., Mirski P.,  Borowski Z. , Krysiuk K., Danilkin A. A., Zvychaynaya E. Y., Saveljev A. P., Ratkiewicz M. 2014. Unexpected population genetic structure of European roe deer in Poland: an invasion of the mtDNA genome from Siberian roe deer. Molecular Ecology Apr 3. doi: 10.1111/mec.12745.

Borowski Z., Malinowska A., Książek A. 2014. Relationships between dominance, testosterone level and scent marking of males in a free-living root vole (Microtus oeconomus) population. Physiology & Behavior.

Lantová P., Zub K., Koskela E., Šíchová K., Borowski Z. 2011. Is there a linkage between metabolism and personality in small mammals? The root vole (Microtus oeconomus) example Physiology & Behavior, 2011 [ DOI].

Borkowski J., Palmer S. C. F., Borowski Z. 2011. Drive counts as a method of estimating ungulate density in forests: mission impossible? Acta Theriologica, [DOI 10.1007/s13364-010-0023-8].

Borowski Z. 2011. The impact of predation on small rodent population dynamics as exemplified by the root vole (Microtus oeconomus). Papers of The Forest Research Institute, Dissertation & Monographs, 2011, 15, ISBN 978-83-87647-83-4, pp. 124.

Rychlik L., Ruczyński I., Borowski Z. 2010. Radiotelemetry Applied to Field Studies of Shrews. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74(6):1335–1342.

Borowski Z., Owadowska E. 2010. Field vole (Microtus agrestis) seasonal spacing behavior: the effect of predation risk by mustelids. Naturwissenschaften, 97:487–493.

Borkowska A., Borowski Z., Krysiuk K. 2009. Multiple paternity in free-living root voles (Microtus oeconomus). Behavioural Processes, Vol. 82 (2):211-213.

Borowski Z., Keller M., Włodarska A. 2008. Applicability of cranial features for the calculation of vole body mass. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 2008, 45:174-180.

Fruba A., Borowski Z., Nowak Z. 2008. Kinship in free – living field vole (Microtus agrestis) population. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences – Animal Science, 45:29-37.

Ściński, M., Borowski Z. 2008. Spatial organization of the fat dormouse (Glis glis) in an oak-hornbeam forest during the mating and post-mating season. Mammalian Biology, 73(2):303-310.

Borowski Z. 2007. Damage caused by rodents in Polish forests. International Journal of Pest Management, 53(4):303-310.

Karbowiak G., Wieczorek M., Borowski Z., Wita I. 2007. The new locality of Ixodes apronophorus Schulze, 1924 in Biebrza National Park, Poland. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 53(4), pp. 343-345.

Borowski Z., Kardynia P., Wieczorek M. 2007. Habitat selection and relationship between two sympatric carnivorous species: lest weasel (Mustela nivalis) and stoat (M. erminea): competition or coexistence? Wszechnica Biebrzańska, Vol. 3:116–120.

Borowski Z.: The role of avian and small mustelids predators in the root vole (Microtus oeconomus) population dynamics in Biebrza National Park, Poland. Wszechnica Biebrzańska 2007, Vol. 3: 112-115.

Borowski Z.: Interaction between three carnivore species: raccoon dog's badger's and red fox'es – competition or coexistence? Sylwan, 2006, 1:58–66.

Ściński M., Borowski Z.: Home ranges, nest sites and population dynamics of the forest dormouse Dryomys nitedula (Pallas) in an oak-hornbeam forest: a live-trapping and radio-tracking study. Polish Journal of Ecology, 2006, 54(3): 391–396.

Borowski Z., Borkowski J.: Distribution and occurrence of the European beaver (Castor fiber) in Poland and their impacts on forest ecosystems. Wszechnica Biebrzańska, 2006, Vol. 1:69-71.

Borowski Z., Borkowski J., Niewęgłowski H.: The efficiency of repellents in trees protection against beavers. Sylwan, 2005, 11:13-17.

Rychlik L., Ruczyński I., Borowski Z., Friedrich T.: Space use and completive interactions in shrews (Insectivora: Soricidae) revealed by radio-telemetry. [in: Contributions to the 5th International Symposium on Physiology, Behaviour and Conservation of Wildlife, Berlin, Germany, 26-29 September 2004. C Vogit and H. Hofer, eds] Advances in Ethology, 2004, 38, Suppl. to Ethology: 172.

Borowski Z.Habitat selection and home range size of the field vole Microtus agrestis in Słowiński National Park, Poland. Acta Theriologica, 2003, 48 (3):325-333.

Borowski Z.Individual and seasonal differences in antipredatory behaviour of root voles - a field experiment. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2002, 80(9):1520-1525.

Borowski Z.Home range size in Biebrza root vole (Microtus oeconomus) population in Poland. Säugetierkundliche Informationen Jena – Information on Mammalogy, 2002, 5, H. 25:19-24.

Borowski Z.: Ochrona lasu przed gryzoniami. W: Poradnik ochrony lasu. Red. Olgierd Łęski. Oficyna Edytorska „Wydawnictwo Świat", Warszawa, 2001: 332–335.

Borowski Z., Owadowska E.Spatial response of the field (Microtus agrestis) and bank (Clethrionomys glareolus) voles to weasel (Mustela nivalis) odour in natural habitat. Chemical Signals in Vertebrates, 2001, Vol. 9: 289-293. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

Borowski Z.: Factors regulating density of badgers (Meles meles L.) population in Poland. Sylwan, 2001, 3: 33-42.

Borowski Z., Owadowska E.: Wpływ zróżnicowania środowiska na różnorodność biologiczną drobnych ssaków i dynamikę populacji nornika burego (Microtus agrestis) w Karkonoszach i górach Izerskich. Przyroda Sudetów Zachodnich, 2000, 3:115-122.

Szukiel E., Borowski Z.: Repellent effectiveness in tree protection against game causing browning and debarking. Forest Research Papers, 2000, 2:45-69.

Borowski Z.The odour of terrestrial predator as an olfactory risk signal detected by rodents, and its consequences. Biological Bulletin of Poznań, 2000, 37(1):159-169.

Borowski Z.Influence of predator odour on the feeding bahaviour of the root vole (Microtus oeconomus, Pallas, 1776). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1998a, 76:1791–1794.

Borowski Z.Influence of weasel (Mustela nivalis Linnaeus, 1766) odour on spatial behaviour of root vole (Microtus oeconomus Pallas, 1776). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1998b, 76:1799–1804.



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