The main goal of this work was to examine interpopulational needle traits variability of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from four mountain, one foothill and three lowland, natural populations located in Poland. This choice of locations was motivated by the presumed different origins of mountainous populations and the necessity to demonstrate how closely they are related to lowland populations.
Variation in the studied populations was determined using seven morphological traits of needles:
1 – needle length, 2 – number of stomatal rows on the flat side of a needle, 3 – number of stomata per 2 mm of needle length on the flat side, 4 – number of stomatal rows on the convex side of a needle, 5 – number of stomata per 2 mm of needle length on the convex side, 6 – number of serrations per 2 mm of the needle length on the left side and 7 – number of serrations per 2 mm of the needle length on the right side.
Biometric data were analysed statistically, and it was found that (i) needle traits differentiate studied populations; (ii) the postulated division of the population into two groups is reflected in the obtained results; and (iii) a particularly strong relationship was found between two relict pine populations from the Pieniny (Sokolica, Kazalnica, Czertezik) and Tatra Mts. (Wielke Koryciska), which may be the result of the common origins and history of these two populations.
|Source||Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A – Forestry|
|Type of article
||Variability of morphological needle traits of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) among populations from mountain and lowland regions of Poland|
|Publisher||The Committee on Forestry Sciences and Wood Technology of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Forest Research Institute in Sekocin Stary|