Regionalization of agricultural landscape needs or shelterbelts and woodlots in Poland – Kazimierz Zajączkowski

Kazimierz Zajączkowski. Forest Research Institute, Warsaw 2005, ISBN ISBN 83-87647-46-2, 128 pp., 22 EUR. In Polish with abstract, summary, tables and figures in English.

Abstract: Farmland afforestations, i.e. trees and shrubs outside forests are considered an important tool used for the protection and management of agricultural landscape, however the ways of their implementation should be adjusted to the diversified afforestations needs of the region. Afforestation needs of the landscape in terms of environment protection and improvement needs are those that can be fulfilled through the rational management of landscape structure.

The regionalization (geographic distribution of farmland afforestation regions) of afforestations needs proposed in this paper is closely related to physiogeographic regionalization. The main functions that afforestations should fulfil in rural environments in a given region primarily the improvement of water relations, prevention of water and wind erosion of soils and biocoenotic enhancement of agricultural landscapes, were the major regionalization criterion. Using the primary regionalization factors, 70 regional afforestation units were distinguished representing 12 different types of afforestation needs. Afforestation models were worked out for these typological units, i.e. information database on the ways by which to shape landscape structure depending on the type of afforestations needs. Regions that require the most urgent afforestation needs cover an area of 49.3% of the country’s area.

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