The use of hemispherical photographs for canopy description and light condition modeling in tree stands
The use of hemispherical photographs allows rapid assessment of canopy openness, which is the complement of canopy closure. Both mentioned parameters describe the canopy as seen from a single point. The hemispherical photography could also be used to assess canopy cover (attribute which refers to ground area) but in practical application it is rather slower than other methods. Leaf area index (LAI) is also a canopy feature often measured by this method. The modeling of light conditions under the canopy is another main application of hemispherical photography. The modeled levels of incident and diffuse radiation are usually comparable with direct measurement in most forest conditions but under the very dense canopy the discrepancy could be bigger. Photographs taken in forest are analyzed by researchers with specialized software. Special care should be taken in using proper initial software settings describing light conditions above the canopy. Another important source of subjectivity in the analysis could be the thresholding process when all pixels of the image are classified as canopy or open sky. In older applications it was researcher’s task to choose appropriate brightness level, which distinguishes canopy and sky in the picture. Fortunately in the last decade a few automated methods of thresholding were invented and successfully implemented.
|Source||Leśne Prace Badawcze (Forest Research Papers), 2010, Vol. 71 (2): 175–188.|
|Type of article
||Zastosowanie zdjęć hemisferycznych do opisu struktury warstwy koron i modelowania warunków świetlnych pod okapem drzewostanów|
|Publisher||Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa, Sękocin Stary, Poland|