Skład gatunkowy, wzniesienie nad poziomem morza i kategoria ochrony jako czynniki wpływające na intensywność zgryzania odnowień w Tatrzańskim Parku Narodowym

Species composition, elevation, and former management type affect browsing pressure on forest regeneration in the Tatra National Park

Autorzy

  • Jan Bodziarczyk Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Katedra Bioróżnorodności Leśnej, Instytut Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków
    Tel. +48 12 66251220; e-mail: rlbodzia@cyf-kr.edu.pl
  • Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica Tatrzański Park Narodowy, Kuźnice 1, 34-500 Zakopane
  • Anna Gazda Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Wydział Leśny, Instytut Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, Zakład Bioróżnorodności Leśnej, al. 29-Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków;
    Tel. +48 12 6625117, e-mail: rlgazda@cyf-kr.edu.pl
  • Janusz Szewczyk Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Zakład Bioróżnorodności Leśnej, Instytut Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków;
  • Magdalena Frączek Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja, Wydział Leśny, Instytut Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, Zakład Bioróżnorodności Leśnej, al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków;
  • Antoni Zięba Tatrzański Park Narodowy, Kuźnice 1, 34-500 Zakopane
  • Jerzy Szwagrzyk Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Zakład Bioróżnorodności Leśnej, Instytut Ekologii i Hodowli Lasu, al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków;
    Tel. +48 12 66251220; +48 12 6625122; e-mail: rlbodzia@cyf-kr.edu.pl; rlszwagr@cyf-kr.edu.pl

Abstrakt

Effects of ungulate pressure on the development of young generation of trees is one of the most important issues in ecology and forestry. Ungulate pressure influence on the development of natural regeneration has been also reported from several national parks. Our study on the effects of ungulate browsing on the young generation of trees was conducted on more than 500 sample plots controlled during one growing season.
The overall browsing pressure ranged from 7.6% in seedlings to 20.3% in low saplings. The pressure of ungulates on the regeneration of Picea abies, the dominant species in the Tatra National Park, was by and large below 1%. Broadleaved species were browsed more frequently. The relationship between the plot altitudes and browsing intensity was statistically significant for seedlings and low saplings; at the higher altitudes, the browsing pressure was greater. There was also observed a statistically significant relationship between the type of former management and the browsing degree in seedlings; in the areas subjected to „landscape protection”, the intensity of browsing was higher when compared to strictly protected areas. Pressure exerted by ungulates on tree regeneration was very unevenly distributed, i.e. some plots were heavily browsed and many others – not browsed at all. The most affected tree species were Salix caprea and Sorbus aucuparia, although the percentage of browsed individuals rarely exceeded 50%. Other species favored by ungulates was Acer pseudoplatanus; despite the high browsing pressure, this species was present among seedlings and tall saplings, suggesting that it would be able to recruit to the tree layer. Abies alba was browsed less frequently than the deciduous trees; however, among the tall saplings it was the third most browsed species.

DOI DOI: 10.1515/frp-2017-0026
Source Leśne Prace Badawcze, 2017, 78 (3): 238–247
Print ISSN 1732-9442
Online ISSN
2082-8926
Type of article
Original research article
Original title
Skład gatunkowy, wzniesienie nad poziomem morza i kategoria ochrony jako czynniki wpływające na intensywność zgryzania odnowień w Tatrzańskim Parku Narodowym
Publisher Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa, Sękocin Stary, Poland
Date 2017, September

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